List of Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones and Functions Table
The endocrine system is a network of glands and organs that produce hormones to control the function of specific cells. It controls the growth, reproduction, and energy production of the body. In addition, the system is important for managing stress.
A healthy endocrine system is vital for good health. Having an imbalance in hormones can cause problems, including weight gain, fatigue, and depression.
Endocrine glands include the thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pituitary, and thymus. They are located throughout the body. Some endocrine glands are also in the brain.
The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones, which are structurally related to tyrosine. These hormones influence the metabolism of the body and affect growth and the development of vertebrates. Most of the thyroid hormones are converted into T3 in the liver.
Adrenaline and cortisol are produced by the adrenal glands. These two hormones support blood pressure and promote blood flow. Testosterone and estrogen are produced by the testes and ovaries. Both testosterone and estrogen are involved in the development of male sexual characteristics.
The hypothalamus is an organ in the brain. It connects the endocrine system to the nervous system. The hypothalamus uses information from the nervous system to control the activities of other endocrine glands.
The endocrine system is a complex system that produces and releases hormones to regulate the functioning of the body. In addition, it produces other substances that regulate the electrolyte composition of the body's fluids.
There are more than 50 hormones identified in other species. Hormones are characterized by docking molecules and receptors that are inside and outside of the cell. Each hormone is released into the bloodstream to target specific tissues.